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How To Prepare Your Site For A Grass Lawn

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Prepared Lawn Grass Site

A new lawn site preparation is the very best opportunity the homeowner will ever have to properly create a lawn that can be enjoyed for a lifetime. Your site preparation plan is one of the most important steps you can take in the formation of a new lawn. Create this plan by considering all factors of the lawn grass you will select for you new lawn.

All debris from building should be removed from the site and evaluation of the remaining soil can be taken at this time.

The very first task in preparing for any grass planting should be a soil test. This will take a few days and while you are waiting you need to get the prospective lawn grass site in shape.

The First Steps to Prepare Your Lawn Site

Grading or leveling your new lawn area is a very important task affecting the end result of your new lawn grass. Water runoff can cause erosion, and loss of fertilizers, nutrients, or any organic amendments you may apply.

Alternatively, a water logged lawn grass area caused by unlevel ground or low grade, is just as bad and drainage needs to be installed before planting lawn grass. Many grasses will not take standing in water and need well draining soils to grow. Poor drainage can lead to fungi and diseases setting in. You may need to fill in some areas with soil or do some creative landscaping around these areas.

All areas that are to be incorporated into the 'mown' part of the lawn need to be as debris free and the ground as smooth and even as possible. Pieces of wood will decay and soft areas will often begin to sink later if not taken care of in the beginning.

The Second Steps To Lawn Prep - Get Rid of Weeds, Add Amendments ...

Depending upon the time of year, you can also get rid of the weed problems that may arise later. Remove all roots and debris to reduce plant competition with your new lawn grass. Refer to your soil test and add amendments as needed, lime, organic compost, fertilizers, etc.

If amendments have been added (especially lime) it needs to be worked into the soil and it takes more than a month for the acidic (alkalization) reaction with the soil to occur. The ground needs to be fully pulverized into the smallest of particles and this is a good time to add a starter fertilizer or organic amendments (compost or other soil food) high in potassium into the top 5 to 8 inches of soil.

Now is also the time to add the underground watering or irrigation system, replace soil and let stand a few days to settle the ground. Fill in all areas and use a large tooth rake to smooth out the lawn as it will appear when finished. Make sure your lawn area is slightly draining away from the base of the house and remove any rocks, roots, anything left behind the first time.

'Dragging' Soil Before & After Planting Grass Seed, Grass Plugs, Sod

Dragging Lawn Before & After Planting GrassYou can also roll before and after spreading grass seed to produce a more level lawn. If you are planting grass plugs or sod, you may roll the area before and optionally after planting to ensure a level lawn.

The easiest way is to use a roller designed to evenly distribute the weight over the soil and press it into place. The picture here on the right shows an example of dragging the lawn area to level it.

Plant Grass Seed

Seed can be sown with the use of a spreader to evenly disperse the seed. Sow in one direction and then a different direction, in a checkerboard type pattern, criss-crossing your seeding area. Lightly rake the seed to make contact with the soil and repack. In areas where erosion is likely to occur apply a light mulching material to keep the seed in place and water evenly several times a day until the seedlings develop.

Lawns can be sprigged, seeded, plugged and sodded. To determine the correct amount of seeds needed you should measure your lawn area using the measurement tools we have provided on this site. For detailed information please see our info site www.grassing.com/seeding/index.html -- will open in a new window.

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